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Transfer of Risk in the Contract of Sale involving Carriage of Goods: A Comparative Study in English, Greek Law and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods,
Dionysios Flambouras,  *  Worcester College, Oxford

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

1. Subject of the Study - Introductory remarks

CHAPTER I. BASIC RULES ON THE TRANSFER OF RISK

1. Theories on the Transfer of Risk

2. Concept of Risk - Consequences of the Transfer of Risk

(1) Consequences of the transfer of risk
(2) Concept of Risk

3. Relevant Provisions

(1) Greek law
(2) Vienna Convention (CISG)
(3) English law

4. Comparative Evaluation

CHAPTER II. SALES INVOLVING CARRIAGE

1. Introduction

2. English and Greek Provisions

(1) Greek law
(2) English law

3. Vienna Convention: Comparison and Partial Evaluation

(1) Carriage of goods involving dispatch: The rule (article 67(1), first sentence)
(2) Common rule

(3) Policy considerations supporting the basic rule from a comparative perspective

(4) Contract involving carriage or contract involving dispatch of the goods?
(5) Handing over of the goods to the carrier for transmission to the buyer
(6) Scope of application of the rule
(i) Situations where one carrier is involved
(ii) Situations where there is transshipment between carriers
(iii) Situations where the seller arranges for carriage and chooses the modes of transport
(iv) Situations where the parties submit themselves to the Convention rules
(7) Independent carrier
(8) Multimodal transport operators (MTO) and freight forwarders
(9) Retention of documents controlling the disposition of the goods
(10) Carriage from an agreed place (Art. 67(1), second sentence)
(11) Unascertained goods

CHAPTER III. TRADE USAGES RELATED TO CONTRACTS INVOLVING SEA TRANSIT

1. Introduction: Trade Usages in the Compared Legal Systems

2. CIF Contracts

(1) CIG contracts in Greece and in England: Introduction
(2) Transfer of risk on loading/shipment
(3) Risk of loss in goods sold or allocated in transit
(i) Sale of goods already lost
(ii) Sale of goods already deteriorated
(4) Risk of loss before appropriation
(5) Evaluation - proposals
(6) Clauses concerning payment after the ship's arrival or payment depending on the quantity of the goods actually delivered

3. FOB contracts

(1) Basic rule - variations
(2) Suggestions

4. CIF and FOB Contracts in the Vienna Convention

(1) Interrelation of the Convention and the Incoterms 1990
(2) Suggestions

CHAPTER IV. CONCLUSIONS

1. General Rule

2. Efficiency of the Compared Rules

(1) Introduction
(2) Sale of goods involving carriage of goods without incorporation of trade usage
(3) Sale of goods involving carriage where trade usage has been incorporated
(i) Sets of trade usages in the compared legal systems
(ii) CIF contracts
(iii) FOB contracts

3. Brief Overall Assessment

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ENGLISH
Books
Articles
GREEK
Books(in Greek unless otherwise indicated)
Articles
FRENCH Books
GERMAN Books

Glossary

Endnotes

Endnotes

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Dionysios Flambouras

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Title:

Transfer of Risk in the Contract of Sale involving Carriage of Goods: A Comparative Study in English, Greek Law and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

Creator:

Dionysios Flambouras

Rights:

Copyright: CISG Database, Pace Institute of International Commercial Law. Reproduced with permission of the author. See also International Trade and Business Law Annual, Vol. VI., University of Queensland (2001) 87-149

Date:

1999-09

Date available:

2002-07-24

Publisher:

SiSU on behalf of CISG Database, Pace Institute of International Commercial Law

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