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The Definitive "Battle of the Forms": Chaos Revisited  * 
John E. Murray, Jr.  ** 

[Introduction]

A. The Essential Purpose of UCC Section 2-207 - The "Last Shot" Principle

Section 2-207 -- Additional Terms in Acceptance or Confirmation

B. The Simple Solution and Complex Interpretation -- Issues

1. Issues Generated by Section 2-207 and Other Norms
2. The Modification of the "Mirror-Image" Rule

C. Section 2-207(2) - "Merchant" vs. "Non-Merchant"

1. The Disposition of Variant Terms "Between Merchants"

D. Variant Terms in the Response - "Material" vs. "Immaterial"

1. Purpose and Test
2. Express Agreement, Trade Usage and Prior Course of Dealing
3. Repeated Sending of Printed Forms
4. Burden of Proof
5. Illustrations -- Material vs. Immaterial

E. "Different" vs. "Additional" Terms

1. The Problematic Application

F. The Offeror Prevails - "First Shot" Instead of "Last Shot"

G. Confirmation Operating as an Acceptance - Statute of Frauds Distinguished

1. Distinguishing the Statute of Frauds

H. The Counteroffer Riddle - Contract by Conduct under UCC Section 2-207(3)

1. The 2-207 Formula Counteroffer-Manufactured Complexity
2. Clear (Unambiguous) Counteroffers
3. Terms of the "Contract by Conduct" -- Section 2-207(3)

I. Post-Purchase Terms - "Layered" and "Rolling" Contracts - "Shrinkwrapped" Licenses

J. Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA)

K. UCITA and the "Battle of the Forms"

L. CISG and the "Battle of the Forms" - UNIDROIT Principles

M. Comparing UCC Section 2-207, CISG and "Principles"

Denouement

Endnotes

Endnotes

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John E. Jr. Murray

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Title:

The Definitive "Battle of the Forms": Chaos Revisited

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John E. Jr. Murray

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Copyright: CISG Database, Pace Institute of International Commercial Law. Reprinted with permission of 20 "Journal of Law and Commerce" (Fall 2000) 1-48

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2000

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