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Financial force majeure - The extent of efforts which the seller must take to overcome impediments for performance in contracts for the sale of goods under Scandinavian law - remarks on the impact of CISG Art 79,
Kai Krüger, University of Bergen

1. Point of departure: ?pacta sunt servanda? under the doctrine of ?rigor commercialis? - Scandinavian SGA 1905-1907 ? 24

2. The concept ?economical force majeure? in Scandinavian pre-CISG 1980 jurisprudence

3. One or two layers? The Norwegian versus the rest-Scandinavian legislative handling of CISG 1980

4. CISG 1980 Art 79 - bridging restrictive common law and equally restrictive continental (basically German) law - but nothing else?

5. Possible approaches under debate

5.1. Traditional interpretation - words, semantic context, preparatory material, principles of interpretation under 1969 Vienna Convention on Treaties
5.2. CISG 1980 Art 79 read in conjunction with the Art 7 interpretation references - which impulses and sources are relevant?
5.3. Scandinavian ?soft? law relief under Formation of Contract Sect 36 (?generalklausul?)?
5.4. Public policy - social economical considerations?
5.5. CISG Art 79 as a protective measure in globalised commerce?

6. Suggestive conclusions on Scandinavian law on financial impediments in salestransactions

Abbreviations:

Endnotes

Endnotes

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Title:

Financial force majeure - The extent of efforts which the seller must take to overcome impediments for performance in contracts for the sale of goods under Scandinavian law - remarks on the impact of CISG Art 79

Creator:

Kai Krüger

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Copyright: CISG Database, Pace Institute of International Commercial Law. Reproduced with the permission of Prof. Krüger. From "Rättsvetenskapliga studier till minnet av Tore Almén" pp 239-273 Iustus Förlag, Stockholm 1999 © Kai Krüger 1999

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1999

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2000-09-26

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