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Can the Hardship Provisions in the UNIDROIT Principles Be Applied When the CISG is the Governing Law?
Anja Carlsen, Copenhagen, Denmark  * 

I. Introduction

A. The purpose of this paper

II. The CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles

A. The relationship between the CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles
B. The parties' agreement to apply the UNIDROIT Principles as a gap filler for the CISG

III. Hardship in the UNIDROIT Principles

IV. Can the Rules of Hardship Be Applied as a Validity Defense

A. Can the principle of hardship be regarded as a validity defense?
B. Validity issues in the CISG
C. Can the hardship be applied as a validity defense when the CISG is the governing law?
D. Do the hardship provisions invoke the same operative facts as a rule in the CISG?
1. Article 79 CISG
2. Does Article 79 invoke the same operative facts as hardship?
D. Conclusion on whether the hardship provisions can be applied as a validity defense

V. Can Hardship Be Applied as a Defense Against Specific Performance?

A. The UNIDROIT Principles on specific performance
B. The provisions in the CISG on specific performance
1. Is Article 28 CISG to be regarded as a procedural rule or a discretionary rule?
2. Does Article 28 refer to the law of the forum or the governing law of the contract?
3. Can the parties derogate from the meaning of the wording "its own law" in Article 28?
C. Does the CISG exclude the application of hardship as a defense against specific performance
D. Conclusion on whether the hardship provision can be applied as a defense against specific performance

VI. Conclusion

Endnotes

Endnotes

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Title:

Can the Hardship Provisions in the UNIDROIT Principles Be Applied When the CISG is the Governing Law?

Creator:

Anja Carlsen

Rights:

Copyright: CISG Database, Pace Institute of International Commercial Law. Reproduced with permission of the author.

Date:

1998-06

Date available:

1998-12-14

Publisher:

SiSU on behalf of CISG Database, Pace Institute of International Commercial Law

Topics Registered:

CISG

UNIDROIT Principles

UNIDROIT Principles

CISG

Subject:

International Commercial Law, CISG UPICC

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