* This article coincides with the publication of Part I and II of the Principles of European Contract Law prepared by the Commission on European Contract Law.
** Scholarship-holder of the Graduiertenkolleg ?EuropÃ¤isches Privat- und Wirtschaftsrecht' at the Humboldt-UniversitÃ¤t zu Berlin. Friedrich Blase is also the current Chancellor of the MAA (Fblase@Maa.net).
1. Fragistas, Arbitrage Ã?Â©tranger et arbitrage international en droit privÃ?Â©, Rev.cit.dr.int.priv. 1960, at 1 et seq., Goldstaijn, The New Law Merchant, J.Bus.L. 1961, at 12 et seq., Schmitthoff, International Business Law: A new Law Merchant, Current Law and Social Problems, 1961, at 129 et seq.; Goldman, FrontiÃ?Â¨res du droit et lex merctaoria, Archives de philosophie du droit 1964, at 177 et seq.
2. The term 'modern' is used to distinguish the idea of a contemporary lex mercatoria from the lex mercatoria which was the commonly accepted body of law governing trade in Europe in the Middle Ages.
3. Berger, Creeping Codification of the Lex Mercatoria, at 1 et seq.
The bracket phrase page followed by a number is used to identify the page number of the original publication.
5. The Principles are abbreviated in number of ways. The abbreviation UPICC is not common although it mirrors the common form of abbreviation used for conventions and bodies of national law.
6. UNIDROIT (ed.), Principles of International Commercial Contracts, 1994; for an overview see Berger, Die UNIDORIT-Prinzipien fÃ?Â¼r Internationale HandelsvertrÃ?Â¤ge, Zeitschrift fÃ?Â¼r Vergleichende Rechtswissenschaft 1995, at 217 et seq.; for a detailed study of the UNIDROIT-Principles see Bonell, An International Restatement of Contract Law, 1997, at 1 et seq.
7. Cf. Preamble of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts.
8. Work started in 1971 when the Governing Council of UNIDROIT decided to include the elaboration of 'Principles of International Commercial Contracts' in the Work Programme of the Institute, cf. Introduction, UNIDROIT (ed.), Principles of International Commercial Contracts, 1994, at vii.
9. Cf. Introduction, UNIDROIT (ed.), Principles of International Commercial Contracts, 1994, at vii et seq.
10. See the exhaustive bibliography in Bonell, An International Restatement of Contract Law, 2nd ed., 1997, at 527 - 561.
11. For example the Annual Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot held annually since 1993 in Vienna, Austria; for a report see Bergsten, The Fifth Moot and Plans for the Sixth, 2 Vindobona Journal (1998) at 51 et seq.
12. See Bonell, The UNIDROIT Principles in Practice: The Experience of the First Two Years, Uniform Law Review 1997 at 34 et seq.; Mayer, Die UNIDROIT-Prinzipien fÃ?Â¼r internationale HandelsvertrÃ?Â¤ge, AJP 1998 at 499 et seq.
13. See also infra at The Success Story of the UPICC.
14. On 13 October 1999 the European Commission proposed doubling to 12 the number of countries negotiating to join the European Union. They include Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland as well as Slovenia and now also Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Romania and Slovakia; see Norman, Brussels adds six to EU fast track, in Financial Times, 14 Oct. 1999, at 1. For the general issues relating to enlargement cf. Hamkens/RÃ?Â¶ttgers (ed.), Reform der EU - Mit oder ohne Mittel- und Osteuropa, 1996.
15. See the discussions in Capeletti (ed.), New Perspectives for a Common Law of Europe, 1978; for a more recent analysis see Hartkamp/Hesselink et al. (eds.), Towards a European Civil Code - Second Revised and Expanded Edition, 1998.
16. Lando, Unfair Contract Clauses and a European Uniform Commercial Code, in: Capeletti (ed.), New Perspectives for a Common Law of Europe, 1978, at 267 (282).
17. For a detailed study cf. Reithmann/Martiny, Internationales Vertragsrecht, 5th edition 1996, at 1 et seq.
18. Lando, Unfair Contract Clauses and a European Uniform Commercial Code, in: Capeletti (ed.), New Perspectives for a Common Law of Europe, 1978, at 267 (282 et seq.); Lando, Principles of European Contract Law, RabelsZ 1992, at 261 et seq.
19. Also known as the Lando-Commission in honour of its founder and chairman.
20. Lando/Beale (eds.), Principles of European Contract Law - Part I: Performance, Non-performance and Remedies, 1995.
21. Cf. de Lamberterie/Rouhette/Tallon (eds.), Les principes du droit europÃ?Â©en du contrat - L'exÃ?Â©cution, l'inexecution et ses suites, 1997.
22. Lando / Beale (eds.), Principles of European Contract Law - Parts I and II, prepared by The Commission on European Contract Law, Kluwer Law International: The Hague, London, Boston, 1999.
23. See ‹http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/eu.contract.principles.1998/index.html›.