* Vikki M. Rogers: This article is dedicated to my parents, Danielle and Robert Rogers, for their unrelenting patience during the several months that they had to hear about this article and for their ability to always put things back into perspective. Thank you.
** Albert H. Kritzer is Executive Secretary of the Institute of International Commercial Law of the Pace University School of Law. Vikki M. Rogers is an Associate at Shearman & Sterling, Frankfurt, Germany office and a Fellow of the Institute of International Commercial Law of the Pace University School of Law.
1. The authors gratefully acknowledge Professor Marie S. Newman, Director of the Law Library and Associate Professor of Law at Pace University School of Law for her advice and guidance in the preparation of this article, particularly of the section 'Development of Case Reporters in England and the United States," of which she drafted portions. We would also like to thank Ralph Amissah for information he provided on information technology and the possible applications of a information retrieval thesaurus to computer search engines. Additionally, the authors acknowledge and thank Professor Bella Hass Weinberg, St. John's University, for her review and suggestions to the paper.
2. John O. Honnold, The Sales Convention in Action - Uniform International Words: Uniform Application?, 8 J.L. & Com. 207 (1988); also available at ‹http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/honnold-sales.html› (last modified July 28, 2000). See also for similar sentiment, Roy Goode, Commercial Law 23 (2d ed.1995) ("Those whose business it is to work with words soon acquire an appreciation of the limitations of language.")
3. "How forcible are the right words." Job 6:25.
4. William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night act III, sc. 1.
5. "Words strain; Crack and sometimes break; Under the burden." T.S. Eliot, Four Quartets (1943).
6. Larry A. DiMatteo, The Law of International Contracting 13 (2000).
7. The concept of "international sales law" is intended by the authors to include, inter alia, the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (UNIDROIT Principles), the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL) and the general principles of international commercial law (lex mercatoria).
8. "[U]niformity does not automatically result from agreeing on the same words for international rules; the objectives of the agreement can be undermined by different national approaches to interpreting and applying the uniform international rules." John O. Honnold, Uniform Words and Uniform Application. The 1980 Sales Convention and International Juridical Practice 115, 116 in Peter Schlechtriem (ed.), Einheitliches Kaufrecht und nationales Obligationenrecht (1987).
9. John O. Honnold, Uniform Laws for International Trade: "Care and Feeding" for Uniform Growth, 1 Int'l Trade & Bus. L.J. 1 (Australia 1995); also available at ‹http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/honnold3.html› (last modified September 24, 1998).
10. Ralph Amissah, The Autonomous Contract: Reflecting the Borderless Electronic-Commercial Environment in Contracting, (visited May 1, 2001) ‹http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/the.autonomous.contract.07.10.1997.amissah/doc.html›.
11. See generally, Robert C. Berring, Collapse and Structure of the Legal Research Universe: The Imperative of Digital Information, 69 Wash. L. Rev. 9, 19 (1994).
12. 12. Id.
13. "Whenever codes have been drafted, or digests and encyclopedias of law compiled, from the time of the Romans to the present, the first problem that presented itself was always that of classification." Charles C. Ulrich, A Proposed Plan of Classification for the Law, 34 Mich. L. Rev. 226 (1935). Although there have been strides to make the information available (without any distinct methodology to its dissemination), the international commercial law community has not collectively engaged itself in discussions on the classification of the CISG, UNIDROIT Principles or Principles of European Contract Law.
14. Information retrieval systems include those published in print and electronic forms, such as the West digest system, WESTLAW and LEXIS.